A fresh breakthrough on the first deployment of artificial intelligence weaponized drones was announced on June 7, 2021.
According to an article, Western military specialists are currently evaluating whether a self-driving drone controlled by artificial intelligence murdered individuals in Libya in 2020. For the record, this was the first time the incident occurred without even a human controller guiding it directly.
The conclusion that a sophisticated drone launched in Libya “chased down and electronically assaulted” troops serving Libyan general Khalifa Haftar sparked a frantic discussion among Western security personnel and experts in a study released last week.
For months, the UN government has been considering whether a worldwide accord about the use of drone technology, autonomously or otherwise and, must be decided upon, as well as what constraints must be imposed on them.
The UN report on Libya has heightened the seriousness of the argument. Drone advancements have “a lot of regional and international consequences,” according to Ziya Meral of the Royal United Services Institute, a military consulting firm in the United Kingdom.
According to the UN report, in March of last year, Turkish-made Kargu-2 weapon aircraft initiated so-called hive strikes against the warlord Haftar’s militias, most probably on behalf of Libya’s Government of National Accord, and the first-ever AI-equipped drones carried out a retaliatory strike. Later, traces of a Kargu-2 were discovered.
At a RUSI-hosted seminar in London, he stated, “It is time to examine where matters are with Turkish drone attacks and sophisticated military technologies, and what this implies for the area and what it means for NATO.”
There have been claims that Azerbaijani troops employed Turkish-supplied AI drones, along with remote-guided ones, in their skirmishes with Armenia last year in the conflict territory of Nagorno-Karabakh and its neighboring states.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is more concerned if these AI drones launched devastating cluster assaults, it would usher in a “new phase in automated weaponry.”
“These devices use software-based methods that have been ‘taught’ via enormous classification algorithms to categorize diverse things, for instance. Buses, tractors, and cannons may all be identified using cloud computing systems. However, the databases on which they train may not be extremely large or resilient, and artificial intelligence may “learn” the wrong lesson,” according to the non-profit Bulletin.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan praised the achievements of Turkish unmanned aircraft in May 2021, stating the achievements “demand rewriting combat plans.” Turkish authorities have admitted that they had been used in combat activities in northern Syria.
On the other hand, the chief technical director of Baykar, a prominent Turkish drone producer, recently said that the prototype autonomous fighter plane will make its first flight in 2023.
According to Ulrike Franke of the European Council for Foreign Relations, penalties and economic sanctions imposed on Turkey in recent years have been a primary motivation behind Ankara’s push to create a new class of nontraditional armaments.
“Turkey has demonstrated that a mid-sized power can create incredibly robust weaponized drones when it puts its brain and money behind this,” Franke argues.
In addition, researchers estimate that about 90 nations use surveillance aircraft for surveillance and information tasks, with at least a dozen governments using armed drones. Britain is said to have ten, whereas Turkey has roughly 140.
The United States Air Forces alone possess roughly 300 Reaper drones. The use of armed drones to carry out assassinations outside of recognized conflict zones has proven controversial. However, the emergence of AI drones is raising global worry.