SNIA Write Saturation Test
This test performs random 4K writes at a Queue Depth of 32.
The objective of this test is to observe the time evolution of the drive’s performance, as a function of time, from a ‘factory fresh’, ‘fresh out of the box’ (‘FOB’) state. When a drive is in a FOB state (e.g. after it has been purged by, for example an SATA Secure Erase or SCSI Format), we can expect an initial period of time when writes can easily be accommodated by clean/empty blocks, but once all of the clean blocks have been written to once and the drive’s controller must first clean blocks (with erase write operations) before it can write new data, then we can expect a slow down. The slow-down is usually quite dramatic and is commonly referred to as the ‘write cliff’.
The Write Saturation Test is easy to run as it requires no steady state determination.
Here are the results –
You can see a typical ‘write cliff’ occurs at around Round 58 after which the drive’s performance falls gradually towards a Steady State.
Note that the test was halted, as specified in the SNIA Solid Storage Solutions PTS, when 4 x the User Capacity had been written to the drive.
You can also see that the latency graph line is a mirror image of the IOPS graph line.
Now let’s head to the next page, to look at the SNIA Throughput Test…..