Toshiba XG6 1024GB NVMe SSD Review

OakGate Sustained Write and Recovery Tests

Sustained Sequential Writes

This test starts with a purge (Secure Erase), so that the
drive is in a FOB state, and then performs 128K Sequential Writes until twice the
drive’s User Capacity has been written to.

Here is a graph showing the resulting Write Bandwidth over
time –

Toshiba XG6 1024GB NVMe SSD Review

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You can see that after a relatively short lived burst of
speed the drive then oscillates between a peak speed of around 1,600 MB/s and a
low of around 600 MB/s.

Let’s zoom in on the first 60 seconds –

Toshiba XG6 1024GB NVMe SSD Review

 

You can see that the Toshiba XG6 holds a steady speed of around
3,000 MB/s for about 5 seconds. This is clear evidence of the Toshiba XG6’s SLC
Write Cache Technology being in play. As the drive is empty at the start of the
test, it is able to write to around 15GB of data before its SLC Write Cache is
exhausted and the write speed falls to around 1,600 MB/s.  After this you can
see the ‘oscillating’ behaviour begin.

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4K Random Writes, FOB to Degraded (Steady State) to Recovered

This test is designed to fully degrade the drive’s
performance and then see how it recovers following a Trim and a period of Rest.

In this test I start with a purge
of the drive to take it to a FOB state.

  1. FOB Performance – 4K Random
    Writes Bandwidth

I then test the FOB 4K Random
Write Performance for 120 seconds at Queue Depths of 1 and 32, in an IO Range
of 16GB, the result was as follows –

Toshiba XG6 1024GB NVMe SSD Review

  1. Sequential Writes to two times User Capacity

I then performed 128K Sequential Writes to the drive for
twice the drive’s user capacity (as in the previous Sustained Sequential
Writes).

  1. 4K Random Writes for 1 Hour

This was immediately followed by performing 4K Random Writes
to the drive for 1 hour. Here is a graph showing the resulting Bandwidth over
Time –

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Toshiba XG6 1024GB NVMe SSD Review

 

 

You can see that the Random 4K Write performance eventually
settles into a steady state of around 70 MB/s. 

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  1. Fully Degraded, 4K Random Write ‘Steady State’
    Performance

I then immediately test the 4K Random Write Performance (as
we did in the initial FOB test), and the result was as follows –

Toshiba XG6 1024GB NVMe SSD Review

You can see that performance has dropped significantly
compared to the test performed in the FOB step.  At this stage it is fair to
say that the drive’s performance is fully degraded and in a Steady State.  It’s
as bad as it can get!

  1. Trim and Rest for 5m

I then liberally sent Sequential Trim commands to the drive
for a minute (to ensure that the drive’s entire range of logical blocks (= User
Capacity) was trimmed.

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I then let the drive rest for 5 minutes before retesting 4K
Random Write performance again. The result was –

  1. ‘Recovered’ 4K Random Write Performance after Trim and
    5 minutes rest

Toshiba XG6 1024GB NVMe SSD Review

As we have come to expect from Toshiba drives, you can see
that performance has fully recovered to support both the burst of writes at a
Queue Depth of 1 and at a Queue Depth of 32. Outstanding!


Now let’s head to the next page, to look at the
Conclusions from this review…..

 

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